In wildlife, snakes are found on almost every continent except Antarctica. Here, according to “Australian Venom and Toxins database”, I’ve listed about 25 most venomous snakes around the world.
26) Mojave green rattlesnake :
Mojave green rattlesnake mostly known as Crotalus scutulatus is a venomous pit viper species found in the deserts of the southwestern United States and central Mexico. It is perhaps best known for its potent neurotoxic venom. Toxicity 0.34 mg/kg.
Hydrophis is a genus of sea snakes. They are typically found in Indoaustralian and Southeast Asian waters. Currently, more than 30 species are recognized. Duadin’s sea snake is one of them. Toxicity 0.343 mg/kg. There are not much information about it in internet.
They can be found in southern regions of Australia, including its coastal islands and Tasmania. These venomous snakes are highly variable in their color, often banded like those on a tiger, and forms in their regional occurrences. Toxicity 0.338 mg/kg.
23) Black mamba:
The black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) is the longest venomous snakes in Africa, averaging around 2.5 to 3.2 m (8.2 to 10 ft) in length. It is also the fastest snake in the world, capable of moving at 4.32 to 5.4 meters per second (16–20 km/h, 10–12 mph). The black mamba has a reputation for being very aggressive, but it usually attempts to flee from humans like most snakes, unless it is threatened.
22) Chinese cobra :
The Chinese cobra (Naja atra) found mostly in southern China and a couple of neighboring nations and islands. It is one of the most prevalent venomous snakes in mainland China and Taiwan. Toxicity 0.29 mg/kg.
21) Laticauda colubrina :
The colubrine sea krait, banded sea krait or yellow-lipped sea krait (Laticauda colubrina) is a species of sea snake found in tropical Indo-Pacific oceanic waters. Toxicity 0.273 mg/kg.
20) Olive sea snake:
Olive sea snake also known as Golden sea snake, Aipysurus laevis. Found mainly in warm coastal waters in the Indo-Pacific where it inhabits coral reefs.
Hydrophis is a genus of sea snakes. They are typically found in Indoaustralian and Southeast Asian waters. Currently, more than 30 species are recognized. Elegant sea snake is one of them. Toxicity 0.26 mg/kg. There are not much information about it in internet.
18) Mainland tiger snake:
They can be found in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia. Toxicity 0.214 mg/kg. There are not much information about it in internet.
17) Tiger rattlesnake:
Tiger rattlesnake or Crotalus tigris can be found in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. Toxicity 0.21 mg/kg.
16) Western tiger snake:
They can be found in southern regions of Australia, including its coastal islands and Tasmania. Toxicity 0.214 mg/kg. There are not much information about it in internet.
Disteira major, commonly known as the olive-headed sea snake or the greater sea snake. It is found in the Indian Ocean in the waters off southern New Guinea, New Caledonia, and Australia (New South Wales, North Territory, Queensland, and West Australia).
Hydrophis stricticollis, commonly called the collared sea snake. Can be found in Indian Ocean (Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Bangladesh). Toxicity 0.164 mg/kg.
13) Saw-scaled viper:
Saw-scaled vipers (Echis) is also known as Carpet vipers. Species of this genus are found in Pakistan, India(in rocky regions of Maharastra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab) and Sri Lanka, parts of the Middle East and Africa north of the equator.
12) Banded water cobra:
Banded water cobra (Naja annulata , Boulengerina annulata) also known as Ringed water cobra. This species is found in parts of central and western Africa, in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, and the province of Cabinda in Angola.
They can be found in Australia, including its coastal islands and Tasmania. Toxicity 0.131 mg/kg. There are not much information about it in internet.
10) Congo water cobra:
Naja christyi (formerly Boulengerina christyi), commonly known as the Congo water cobra or Christy’s water cobra. This species has a small distribution range. It occurs in western Congo, the southern half of the Congo, very small portion of southeastern Gabon, and in the province of Cabinda in far northern Angola.
9) Beaked sea snake:
Beaked sea snake (Enhydrina schistosa) also known as hook-nosed sea snake, common sea snake, or the Valakadyn sea snake. It is found in the Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf (off Oman), south of the Seychelles and Madagascar, the seas off South Asia (Pakistan, India and Bangladesh), Southeast Asia (Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam).
Hydrophis is a genus of sea snakes. They are Typically found in Indo-australian and Southeast Asian waters. Currently, more than 30 species are recognized. Black banded sea snake is one of them. Toxicity 0.111 mg/kg. There are not much information about it in internet.
The Many-banded krait (Bungarus multicinctus), also known as the Taiwanese krait or the Chinese krait. It is found in Taiwan, mainland China, Burma, Laos and Northern Vietnam, and Con Dao Islands Vietnam.
6) Coastal taipan:
The coastal taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus), or common taipan is native to the coastal regions of northern and eastern Australia and the island of New Guinea. This snake is the world’s sixth-most venomous snakes.
5) Horned sea snake:
Horned sea snake (Acalyptophis peronii) also known as Spiny-headed seasnake, Peron’s sea snake. It is found in the Gulf of Siam, Thailand,Vietnam, the South China Sea, the coast of Guangdong and Strait of Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, the Coral Sea Islands, Papua New Guinea,and Australia.
Pelamis platura commonly known as the yellow-bellied sea snake, yellowbelly sea snake, or pelagic sea snake. found in all coastal waters around the rim of the Pacific Ocean except Alaska south to southern California, and in the coastal waters of the Indian Ocean from the Persian Gulf eastwards.
Aipysurus duboisii or Dubois’ seasnake is a species of sea snake. Their habitat includes Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia and the northern, eastern and western coastal areas of Australia, that is the Coral Sea, Arafura Sea, Timor Sea and Indian Ocean.
The eastern brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis) is also known as Common brown snake. his snake is considered the world’s second most venomous land snake based on its LD50 value in mice.It is native to Australia, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.
1) Inland taipan:
The inland taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus), also commonly known as the small-scaled snake and fierce snake, is a species native to Australia and is regarded as the most venomous land snake in the world based on LD50 values in mice.
|Inland taipan||Australia||0.025 mg/kg|
|Eastern brown snake||Australia||0.0365 mg/kg|
|Dubois’s sea snake||From Papua New Guinea to Australia||0.044 mg/kg|
|Yellow bellied sea snake||Tropical oceanic water around the world||0.067 mg/kg|
|Horned sea snake||From Asia to Australia||0.079 mg/kg|
|Coastal taipan||Australia, New Guinea||0.106 mg/kg|
|Many-banded krait||China, Taiwan, Burma, Laos, Vietnam||0.108 mg/kg|
|Black banded sea snake||Typically found in Indoaustralian and Southeast Asian waters||0.111 mg/kg|
|Beaked sea snake||Tropical Indo-Pacific||0.1125 mg/kg|
|Congo water cobra||Africa||0.12 mg/kg|
|Peninsula tiger snake||Australia||0.131 mg/kg|
|Banded water cobra||Africa||0.143 mg/kg|
|Saw-scaled viper||From Africa to Asia||0.151 mg/kg|
|collared sea snake||Indian Ocean||0.164 mg/kg|
|Olive-headed sea snake||Indian Ocean||0.193 mg/kg|
|Western tiger snake||Australia||0.194 mg/kg|
|Tiger rattlesnake||United States and Mexico||0.21 mg/kg|
|Mainland tiger snake||Australia||0.214 mg/kg|
|Elegant sea snake||Typically found in Indoaustralian and Southeast Asian waters||0.26 mg/kg|
|Olive sea snake||Indo-Pacific||0.264 mg/kg|
|Broad banded sea krait||Indo-Pacific||0.273 mg/kg|
|Chinese cobra||Typically found in mainland China and Taiwan||0.29 mg/kg|
|Black mamba||Africa||0.32 mg/kg|
|Chapel island tiger snake||Australia||0.338 mg/kg|
|Duadin’s sea snake||Typically found in Indoaustralian and Southeast Asian waters||0.343 mg/kg|
|Mojave green rattlesnake||United States and Mexico||0.34 mg/kg|